The human body has been fascinating people for ages. Its functions, its shapes, its internal mechanisms, and especially its mistakes and dysfunctions have been of major interest for medical professionals and scientists of every field. Indeed, there are a lot of specialized people who really go into detail and often focus on a very small, but essential part of the body. The body consists of many different parts, for example a skeleton, body tissue, flesh and skin, hair and nails, and of course the inner organs like the heart, lungs, kidneys or the brain. But beside these very broad parts of the body there are very small and invisible chemical substances which regulate our respiration, our metabolism or our blood circulation. And these invisible substances are of major interest to molecular biologists and microbiological researchers.
Dysfunctions and diseases
All the above-mentioned body parts have a specific and important function, but they are also susceptible to influences coming from their environment. The skeleton, especially the spine, is exposed to many physical pressures which can affect its position, its function and its flexibility. Also, diseases like scoliosis can have a negative influence on the person’s life because it leads to an unhealthy posture causing pain. When it comes to the molecular biological field, the study of antibodies is particularly important. These structures are part of the human immune system as they are able to recognize and destroy viruses and bacteria coming from the outside. In medical research, these structures are multiplied in mice or rabbit and eventually used for tests. With the help of ELISA kits, i.e. prepared research applications for the quantification of a protein with the antibody has to recognize, testing becomes more effective. And with the research the scientists can learn about metabolic diseases like diabetes or immune deficiency syndromes caused by HIV.